A strategy and a business plan are both crucial for the success of an organization, but they serve different purposes and contain different types of information:

1. Strategy:
Purpose: A strategy outlines the overarching approach or methodology an organization intends to use to achieve its goals. It’s about setting long-term objectives and deciding the best ways to achieve them.
Contents: A strategy typically includes the vision and mission of the organization, strategic goals, and the key initiatives or approaches the organization plans to use to meet these goals. It focuses on where the organization wants to go and how it plans to get there, often without getting into minute details.
Scope: Strategic plans are generally high-level, focusing on broad goals and long-term outcomes. They are more about direction and less about specific actions.

2. Business Plan:
Purpose: A business plan is a detailed document that outlines the specific actions, resources, and steps a company will take to achieve its objectives. It is often used to secure funding from investors or lenders and to guide the company’s operations in a detailed and structured way.
Contents: A business plan typically includes detailed plans regarding the business model, market analysis, operational structure, financial projections, marketing and sales strategies, and potential risks. It also includes timelines and milestones for the execution of different activities.
Scope: Business plans are detailed and tactical. They focus on specific actions and timelines and are often used as a tool for execution and monitoring progress.

In essence, while a strategy provides the “what” and the “why,” a business plan outlines the “how,” “when,” and “with what resources.” A business plan is more detailed and serves as a roadmap to implement the strategy.


The terms “strategy” and “tactics” are often used together but refer to different levels of planning and action, especially in business, military, or competitive contexts. Understanding the distinction between them is crucial for effective planning and execution.


Definition: Strategy is the overarching plan or set of goals designed to achieve a significant or overall aim. It is the high-level blueprint that guides an organization towards its long-term objectives.
Focus: The focus of strategy is on establishing long-term goals, directions, and priorities. It involves thinking about the organization’s position within the context of its external environment, identifying opportunities and threats, and determining how to leverage strengths and mitigate weaknesses.
Scope: Strategy is broad and long-range. It is concerned with achieving overarching outcomes and often involves making decisions under conditions of uncertainty.
Examples: Deciding to enter a new market, developing a new line of products, or redefining a company’s overall business approach to gain competitive advantage.


Definition: Tactics involve specific actions or short-term decisions made to achieve immediate goals, which are often components of a larger strategy.
Focus: The focus of tactics is on the execution of the strategy, dealing with the implementation of specific tasks. It involves how to effectively deploy resources, manage tasks, and navigate operational challenges.
Scope: Tactics are more narrow and short-term. They are concerned with the details of how strategies will be executed and are often adaptive to the situation at hand.
Examples: Adjusting pricing in response to a competitor’s promotion, optimizing manufacturing processes for cost efficiency, or launching a targeted marketing campaign.

Relationship Between Strategy and Tactics

Strategy sets the course for an organization, while tactics are about taking action to follow that course. A good strategy without effective tactics can falter because it lacks the means for execution. Conversely, tactical moves without a sound strategy can lead to misaligned efforts and inefficiency.

In summary, strategy and tactics complement each other: strategy provides the “what” and “why,” and tactics provide the “how” and “when.” Both are essential for the success of any endeavor, requiring thoughtful consideration and alignment to ensure that tactical decisions support strategic goals.


Based on my experience, strategies are focused on the broader vision and core values of an organization. They are designed to be ambitious and long-term, often looking ahead by a decade, and aim to answer fundamental questions like the organization’s legacy, long-term goals, reason for existence, and existential purpose.

Business plans, on the other hand, tend to be more short-term and specific, typically covering around three years and sometimes as brief as one year, especially in fast-changing environments. This shift to shorter plans reflects the rapid pace of change in many industries. For example, while sectors like pensions may still focus on the long-term due to their nature, fields like technology can experience significant shifts within just a year, necessitating more immediate and detailed planning.

A typical business plan includes detailed month-by-month projections for cash flow, income, expenses, product sales, investments, and returns for the first year, providing a clear picture of expected financial activities. For subsequent years, the details might reduce to a yearly overview for the next two or three years, indicating potential growth at a more general level. This structure helps maintain focus on the near term while also providing a broader outlook for the following years. The overarching strategy complements this by setting a broader context, sometimes spanning 10 years or more, integrating these plans into the organization’s long-term vision.


Jersey Business is a local organization that offers free support and guidance to local businesses. It provides various resources, including templates and guides for creating a business plan. Below, you’ll find links to these guides and a table of contents from the template you can download. This gives you a reliable method for developing a business plan.

1) Executive Summary
2) Company Description
>> Products and services
>> Long Term Aim of Business
>> Objectives
>> S.W.O.T. Analysis
3) Market Analysis
>> Target market
>> Profile of competitors
>> Your Competitive advantage
4) Marketing and Sales Strategy
>> Marketing strategy
>> Sales Strategy
>> Pricing Strategy
5) Management Team and Staffing
>> Management Team
>> Staffing
>> Training Plans
6) Operations
7) Financial Projections and Assumptions
8) Funding Requirements

Not all business plans are the same. They often reflect the unique style and priorities of a specific organization and can change over time. For example, the business plan for Jersey Business in 2024 differs in format, content, and style from their 2021 plan. This isn’t a criticism of the organization but highlights that there is no one fixed way to create a business plan. As we’ll explore later, the audience for your business plan can influence its content significantly. Whether it’s for investors, a bank, your staff, or a potential merger partner, the business plan you present may vary greatly.

Jersey Business – Business Plan 2024

Jersey Business – Business Plan 2023,%20Tourism,%20Sport%20and%20Culture/Decisions%20in%202021/mde20210021%20Jersey%20Business%20-%20Business%20Plan%202021.pdf


Previously, I discussed how business plans are generally more short-term and focused compared to strategies. Here, I’d like to elaborate on how these can vary significantly depending on the market, sector, stakeholders, interests of involved parties, and the specific message being conveyed. For instance, if your strategy is aimed at securing a bank loan, facilitating a merger and acquisition, or is intended for public consumption as part of providing public services, then the format, style, content, and language of both your strategy and business plan may differ greatly. While a strategy might address long-term political ambitions, a business plan might focus on the annual budget and specifics of its allocation.


Creating a comprehensive strategy and business plan for a quasi-autonomous non-governmental organization (quango) operating within a political environment involves addressing the needs and expectations of key stakeholders such as politicians, the press, and the public. Here’s a suggested table of contents that would comprehensively cover these aspects:

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary
Overview of the business plan
Key objectives and strategic goals
Summary of recommendations

2. Introduction
Purpose of the business plan
Definition and role of the quango
Importance of the political environment

3. Organizational Background
History of the organization
Mission and vision statements
Current structure and governance

4. Stakeholder Analysis
Identification of key stakeholders
Stakeholder needs and expectations
Strategies for stakeholder engagement

5. Political Environment Analysis
Overview of the political landscape
Impact of current policies on operations
Anticipated changes in legislation

6. Strategic Objectives
Long-term and short-term goals
Alignment with governmental objectives
Criteria for measuring success

7. Operational Strategy
Description of core services and activities
Resource allocation (financial, human, technological)
Risk management strategies

8. Marketing and Communication Plan
Communication objectives and strategies
Public relations and media approach
Crisis communication plan

9. Financial Plan
Current financial status
Budgeting and financial forecasting
Funding sources and financial sustainability strategies

10. Performance Evaluation
Performance indicators
Monitoring and evaluation framework
Reporting and accountability mechanisms

11. Governance and Compliance
Regulatory requirements
Ethical standards and practices
Oversight and internal audit processes

12. Risk Management
Identification of potential risks
Mitigation strategies
Contingency plans

13. Appendices
Supporting documents
Data sources and references
Glossary of terms

This structure aims to provide a robust framework for developing a strategic and operational blueprint that effectively navigates the complexities of a politically-sensitive environment, ensuring alignment with public service objectives and delivering value for money.


For a management consulting firm crafting a strategic business plan, clarity and precision are crucial, especially when communicating to potential clients and associates. The plan should succinctly articulate the firm’s capabilities, strategic direction, and the value it offers to both clients and associates. Here’s a suggested table of contents that balances these needs effectively:

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary
Quick overview of the firm’s mission, vision, and core values
Summary of strategic goals and key offerings

2. Firm Overview
History and evolution of the firm
Leadership and management structure
Core areas of expertise and specializations

3. Strategic Objectives
Long-term and short-term business goals
Alignment with industry trends and client needs

4. Market Analysis
Overview of the consulting market
Identification of target client segments
Competitive landscape and positioning

5. Client Engagement Strategy
Client relationship management approach
Customization of services for diverse client needs
Case studies and testimonials

6. Associate Management Strategy
Value proposition for associates
Quality expectations and collaboration models
Opportunities for professional growth and rewards

7. Services and Solutions
Detailed description of consulting services
Tools and methodologies employed
New and upcoming offerings

8. Marketing and Sales Strategy
Brand positioning and communication strategies
Channels and tactics for client acquisition and retention
Metrics for tracking marketing effectiveness

9. Operational Excellence
Internal processes for ensuring efficiency and quality
Technology and systems in place for operational support
Continuous improvement mechanisms

10. Financial Strategy
Revenue models and pricing strategies
Financial projections and investment needs
Risk management and financial controls

11. Performance Metrics
Key performance indicators (KPIs) for assessing success
Benchmarks for efficacy, efficiency, and longevity
Feedback and evaluation procedures

12. Sustainability and Corporate Responsibility
Commitments to ethical practices and sustainability
Community engagement and social responsibility initiatives

13. Conclusion
Reiteration of the firm’s commitment to quality and excellence
Call to action for clients and potential associates

14. Appendices
Relevant certifications and accreditations
Additional resources and reading
Contact information for further inquiries

This structure ensures that the firm’s strategic intent, operational effectiveness, and value proposition are communicated clearly and succinctly, catering to the limited attention spans of busy stakeholders while highlighting the firm’s strengths and potential for future success.


Creating a strategy and business plan for an organization that seeks to attract volunteers, ensure effective governance, satisfy stakeholders, and appeal to donors requires a comprehensive approach. The plan should articulate the mission, vision, and values clearly, and outline roles, expectations, and strategies for financial sustainability. Here’s a suggested table of contents that covers these needs:

Table of Contents

1. Executive Summary
Brief overview of the organization’s purpose and strategic goals
Key highlights of the plan

2. Organization Overview
History and background of the organization
Mission, vision, and core values
Structure and key personnel

3. Strategic Objectives
Long-term goals and objectives
Yearly targets and milestones

4. Volunteer Engagement Strategy
Recruitment goals and strategies
Roles and responsibilities of volunteers
Training and development programs
Recognition and rewards system

5. Donor and Participant Engagement
Fundraising goals and methods
Donor engagement strategies
Value proposition for donors and participants

6. Financial Plan
Overview of current financial status
Detailed annual budget
Funding objectives and strategies
Plans for loans or financial support if required

7. Governance and Regulatory Compliance
Governance structure
Policies and controls in place
Compliance with relevant laws and regulations

8. Risk Management
Identification of potential risks
Mitigation strategies
Contingency planning

9. Marketing and Public Relations
Marketing strategies to build brand awareness
Public relations activities and media outreach
Communication plan for stakeholders

10. Performance Measurement
Key performance indicators (KPIs)
Evaluation mechanisms for volunteer and financial performance
Reporting systems for trustees and regulators

11. Sustainability and Impact
Strategies for long-term sustainability
Environmental and social impact goals
Community involvement and support strategies

12. Ethics and Organizational Culture
Ethical standards and practices
Organizational culture and employee well-being
Diversity and inclusion initiatives

13. Conclusion
Summary of strategic imperatives and calls to action
Invitation for engagement and support

14. Appendices
Supporting documents
Legal and regulatory compliance proofs
Contact information and resources for further inquiry

This structure is designed to convey the organization’s seriousness about its mission, its respect for governance, its commitment to stakeholders, and its readiness to deliver value to the community it serves. It balances the need to attract and manage volunteers with the necessity of appealing to donors and satisfying regulatory and fiscal responsibilities.


This article, despite using bullet lists to keep it concise, is still quite detailed and lengthy. It’s important to reflect on the purpose of a strategy or business plan and how they differ based on your circumstances, audience, and the message you want to communicate. Often, a strategy and business plan might be combined in discussions, but in practice, they are usually distinct. A strategy might be set for four or five years and not often changed, while a business plan is typically updated annually to reflect more immediate needs and changes.

The strategy might cover long-term, ongoing objectives (“Evergreen” content), while the business plan focuses on specific actions for the upcoming year, including operational adjustments and significant changes like projects that deliver new capabilities. For example, launching a new product might be a project within a business plan, but once launched, it becomes part of the regular business operations.

It’s crucial to differentiate between regular business activities and change-driven projects because many organizations struggle with limited resources to handle both simultaneously. This discussion could naturally lead to a deeper exploration of project and program management, which would be suitable for another post.

See also

Business Plans And Planning

Business Plans And Planning

Rethinking Data For Strategic Decision-making And Implementation

Rethinking Data for Strategic Decision-Making and Implementation

Details of my Business Plan

A Good Business

Business Profile